Community Policing is based on the premise of intervention and prevention before a situation can escalate. This is accomplished by building familiarity and trust between locals and law enforcement, by means of conversation and involvement.


"In the late 1980’s Medicine Hat AB, started a Community Peace Force within the Medicine Hat Police Service. CPO’s replaced standard by-law officers, and help to enforce the Alberta Traffic Safety Act, the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act, a portion of the Gaming and Liquor Act, the Dangerous Dogs Act, the Tobacco Reduction Act, and the Prevention of Youth Tobacco Use Act. They also serve summons and subpoenas and fingerprint persons charged with criminal offences. Medicine Hat’s CPO’s are well trained, uniformed and protected, but they do not carry a firearm.

The program makes the Medicine Hat Police Service a one-stop enforcement agency that carries out all policing duties, including bylaw enforcement.

The program resulted in improved enforcement of bylaws and reducing overall costs to the municipality. Financial savings are achieved through reduced administration costs, shared records management and shared support services. A community survey indicated that this initiative has also led to increased client satisfaction."

- Public Safety Canada



The Halifax police department's Victim Services budget and Polygraph budget were both close to $260,000.


When COVID forced the police to make budget cuts, the Halifax police opted to cut the Polygraph budget by $300.00, and they cut the Victims Services budget by $50,000.00... This is a clear example of the failure of the city and Police Board to provide effective oversight of the budget.

El Jones, Halifax Examiner


Polygraph tests are unreliable and increasingly controversial. I'm uncomfortable knowing that they appear to have more value to Halifax Police than Victims services. 

The use of a dedicated person to liaise between police and family is a relatively new approach to victim services that has been positive and significant in many ways. Analysis of the interview data indicate that their impact so far has been overwhelmingly helpful, both for clients and for police investigators. The most important role of the FLC/MPL mentioned during the interviews was the liaison function between the family members and police. This role was often referred to as a “conduit” between police and families or a position that “bridged the gap” between families and police.


“effective reform efforts might also have to review the functioning of an entire public sector and consider merging, disbanding, or creating public institutions.”


Someone making $12 an hour is someone with two or three jobs. It’s someone who lives hand-to-mouth, who has no financial security, is a pay cheque away from disaster. It’s someone whose life collapses if they have to take off work to tend to a sick kid.

But none of those reasons explain the outsourcing of janitorial services. While it’s important work, there’s nothing particularly specialized about janitorial services. Likewise, they don’t require an outside perspective, and there is plenty of work to employ dedicated city staff.

On that last point, here are some of the janitorial contracts put out to bid in the last three years (typically, the contracts have terms of three years), with the awards in parenthesis:

• North Branch (A+ Quality Cleaners, $116,399) and Keshen Goodman Libraries (A+ Quality Cleaners, $163,569)
• Alderney Landing (GDI Integrated Facility Services, $549,111)
• Police Operation Centres (Jani King, $354,000)
• Sackville Sports Stadium (Imperial Cleaning, $675,120)
• Acadia Centre, Fire Station #9, Bedford Outdoor Pool (split between D&J’s Cleaning $126,542, and Elejorde Cleaning, $40,050)
• Facilities Maintenance Depot, St. Andrews Centre, Adventure Earth Centre, Fire Station #7 (Imperial Cleaners, $243,480, and Elejorde Cleaning $66,480)
• Municipal Streets and Roads/Parks Depot, Burnside Fleet Operations Depot, Burnside Fire Fleet Operations Depot, Dartmouth Municipal Parks & Open Spaces Depot (Imperial Cleaners, $224,040)
• Gordon R Snow Community Centre (C&D Cleaning, $226,080)
• Chocolate Lake Community Centre, George Dixon Community Centre (Imperial Cleaners, $351,216)
• Municipal Depot- 3825 Mackintosh, Municipal Depot- 1680 Bell Rd, Municipal Administration- Fairview Cemetery (D&J’s Cleaning, $153,251)
• Records Administration, Fairbanks Centre (Jani King, $78,407)
• Halifax Ferry Terminal, Woodside Ferry Terminal, Ferry Boats (GDI, $314,712)
• Burnside Transit Facility, Barrington/Duke Street Shelter & Operations Lobby, Scotia Square Passenger Lobby (D&J’s Cleaning, $219,822)
• North Preston Community Centre (SimClean, $377,410.46)
• Various transit locations (ZM Supreme, $295,800; C&D Cleaning, $136,801; Elejorde Cleaning, $96,599)

The only reason the city contracts out these services is so City Hall can (supposedly) “save” money because the contractors don’t have to pay the union wages city workers get paid, about $20/hour — in fact, the contractors pay shit wages, at or near minimum wage.

There are civil servant jobs with the federal, provincial and municipal governments, not to mention various Crown corporations, as well as jobs in public education, universities and colleges, healthcare, policing, fire protection, and the military. These are, mostly, well-paying jobs and do contribute to the economy. But these jobs must be balanced with the economy’s ability to afford them.

A high-quality public sector workforce that delivers public services efficiently and effectively can contribute to economic prosperity and maintaining such a workforce requires paying competitive wages. At the same time, responsibility to taxpayers requires the diligent use of public funds, meaning the government should keep public sector employment levels and compensation rates within reasonable bounds. The key is to find ways to deliver high-quality public services while ensuring that taxpayers receive the maximum value for their money.

Since public sector wages and benefits are the single largest expenditure for these governments, restraining the growth of the public sector wage bill is a necessary condition for maintaining fiscal stability in the years ahead.

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